Middle school students continue in their fourth year of Latin study. They review declensions of nouns, use of adjectives, and the conjugations of both regular and irregular verbs. Students increase their already substantial Latin vocabulary, their knowledge of Latin grammar, their Latin reading ability, and their skills in translating from English to Latin and Latin to English.
Students move deeper into the Latin language. Learning new vocabulary and grammar increases understanding the relationships of different parts of a sentence and forwards coherent and fluid translation of Latin stories.
Students begin with an intensive review of the grammar that was taught beginning in Class Three (third grade). Complex sentence constructions, including the use of subjunctive clauses, gerunds and gerundives are introduced. Students are prepared to translate Caesar, Cicero, and Virgil in the ninth grade.